Coda File System

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2. Servicing Coda filesystem calls

The service of a request for a Coda file system service originates in a process P which accessing a Coda file. It makes a system call which traps to the OS kernel. Examples of such calls trapping to the kernel are read, write, open, close, create, mkdir, rmdir, chmod in a Unix context. Similar calls exist in the Win32 environment, and are named CreateFile, .

Generally the operating system handles the request in a virtual filesystem (VFS) layer, which is named I/O Manager in NT and IFS manager in Windows 95. The VFS is responsible for partial processing of the request and for locating the specific filesystem(s) which will service parts of the request. Usually the information in the path assists in locating the correct FS drivers. Sometimes after extensive pre-processing, the VFS starts invoking exported routines in the FS driver. This is the point where the FS specific processing of the request starts, and here the Coda specific kernel code comes into play.

The FS layer for Coda must expose and implement several interfaces. First and foremost the VFS must be able to make all necessary calls to the Coda FS layer, so the Coda FS driver must expose the VFS interface as applicable in the operating system. These differ very significantly among operating systems, but share features such as facilities to read/write and create and remove objects. The Coda FS layer services such VFS requests by invoking on or more well defined services offered by the cache manager Venus. When the replies from Venus have come back to the FS driver, servicing of the VFS call continues and finishes with a reply to the kernels VFS. Finally the VFS layer returns to the process.

As a result of this design a basic interface exposed by the FS driver must allow Venus to manage message traffic. In particular Venus must be able to retrieve and place messages and to be notified of the arrival of a new message. The notification must be through a mechanism which does not block Venus since Venus must attend to other tasks even when no messages are waiting or being processed.

Furthermore the FS layer provides for a special path of communication between a user process and Venus, called the pioctl interface. The pioctl interface is used for Coda specific services, such as requesting detailed information about the persistent cache managed by Venus. Here the involvement of the kernel is minimal. It identifies the calling process and passes the information on to Venus. When Venus replies the response is passed back to the caller in unmodified form.

Finally Venus allows the kernel FS driver to cache the results from certain services. This is done to avoid excessive context switches and results in an efficient system. However, Venus may acquire information, for example from the network which implies that cached information must be flushed or replaced. Venus then makes a downcall to the Coda FS layer to request flushes or updates in the cache. The kernel FS driver handles such requests synchronously.

Among these interfaces the VFS interface and the facility to place, receive and be notified of messages are platform specific. We will not go into the calls exported to the VFS layer but we will state the requirements of the message exchange mechanism.


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